Overview – Track and field events allow athletes to use their running, jumping and throwing skills to develop their own individual abilities and improve their own Personal Best Time (PBT) and win competitions, at either club level, school level, district and state etc. Track meets take place on an athletic track that may be located indoors or outdoors. Track and field events can be performed as individual sports or as a team sport.
Track Events – Sprints – The shortest and quickest track events are the sprints. The lengths of sprinting events in track and field are 60, 100, 200 and 400 meters. Runners begin the race at the sound of the starter pistol, reach their full stride immediately and maintain their fastest speed until they cross the finish line.
Track Events – Middle-distance – are the 800 meter, and the 1,500 meter runs. Middle-distance runners have to learn how to pace themselves during their races; they must maintain a consistent speed without wearing themselves out during the event.
Field Events – Jumping Events – For those athletes who prefer jumping to running, track and field offers a variety of jumping events. The long jump requires athletes to race down the track and then jump from a takeoff board to propel their body through the air as they try to cover the greatest distance possible. The triple jump is a series of three fast jumps done in a continuous motion.The high jump requires competitors to sprint and leap over a bar, which is raised after each jump until the highest height is established.
Field Events – Throwing Events – Throwing events allow athletes to throw an object a distance to achieve their best throw. The javelin is a long steel-tipped spear that the athlete throws while running. The shot put requires athletes to toss a heavy metal ball by tucking it under their chin and spinning to gain speed before they release the ball. The discus is a metal disc that is thrown by using a swinging, spinning action.